What gender gaps currently exist in this social domain?

What gender gaps currently exist in this social domain? Answer each question separately and number each response. Use your own words and support your answers with examples from the article. Your responses should include content from the readings, not just opinions, and citations must be in APA format. Do NOT use long quotes from the article. Most questions are worth 5 points, but some are worth 10 points. For 5-point questions, respond in 1-2 paragraphs. For 10-point questions, respond in 2-3 paragraphs. Be sure to support your answers by providing specific examples from the reading, and use APA format when citing the reading. Visit “In-Text Citations: The Basics” Links to an external site.for examples of how to use APA format. Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality (2018). “State of the Union: The Poverty and Inequality Report.” Special issue,Preview the document Pathways Magazine.Preview the document The publication is also available here (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. Answer the following questions based upon this article: In the section “Executive Summary,” the authors explain contributing factors to gender gaps in different social domains, and posited that gaps may continue to exist “partly because they’re rooted in the essentialist belief that women and men have fundamentally different aptitudes and are accordingly suited for fundamentally different types of roles (e.g., occupations, majors, relationships). These widely diffused beliefs work at once to (a) encourage women and men to make choices that are consistent with such stereotypical views (i.e., the “socialization mechanism”), and (b) encourage managers and those in authority to allocate occupations and other roles in accord with such stereotypical views (i.e., the “discrimination mechanism”)” (page 5). What is meant by an “essentialist belief” about perceived differences between men and women? How does this belief affect the types of choices men and women make in their lives? (5 points) The Pathways report contains extensive information about gender gaps in various societal domains: education, health, employment, earnings, poverty, safety net, occupational segregation, discrimination, workplace sexual harassment, and social networks. Choose three domains that are examined in the report. For each domain, answer the following questions: (10 points) What gender gaps currently exist in this social domain? What caused the gaps? What are some policy suggestions to narrow or close the gaps? From the “Policy” section (pp. 47-49), name two factors that have impeded the US in making further progress in increasing gender equality. What are three things that the US could do to reduce gender inequality? (5 points)

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